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Vulvar Cancer

The vulva is the external portion of the female genital organs. Vulvar cancer is a rare malignancy that can occur on any part of the vulva, but most often in the labia majora or labia minora.


Nearly 90 percent of vulvar cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. Melanoma is the second most common type of vulvar cancer, usually found in the labia minora or clitoris.

Understanding Your Diagnosis

The most common symptoms of vulvar cancer include constant itching, bleeding or discharge not related to menstruation, and severe burning or pain.

Deciding on Treatment

Your treatment options depend on the type of vulvar cancer you have, the results of lab tests, and the stage of the cancer. You may need surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these.

Managing Side Effects

Side effects are common during cancer treatment. Your doctor or cancer nurse can suggest ways to ease any side effects that you experience.

Prevention and Screening

You should have regular checkups to help spot certain gynecologic cancers. Your doctor examines the vulva during these checkups, which also include a pelvic exam and Pap test.

Advanced Reading

Learn more about vulvar cancer from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Physician Data Query (PDQ®) for patients. It includes information about prevention, screening, and treatment.


Find a Cancer Specialist

You are Unique

At St. John Providence Health System, we know that you’re a unique individual and not just a condition or a list of symptoms. We treat the whole person.

Get in touch with us so we can learn about you and give you the help you need for your individual situation.

Call 1-866-246-4673