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Thyroid Cancer



The thyroid gland is located in the neck - under the Adam's apple and above the collarbone. Cancer of the thyroid occurs more often in younger adults.

Overview

Malignant thyroid tumors are rare. They usually appear as small growths, or nodules, within the thyroid gland.

Understanding Your Diagnosis

If you have a suspicious lump on your thyroid, your doctor will most likely want you to have a biopsy. During a biopsy, your doctor uses a very fine needle to remove a small piece of tissue from your neck to check it for cancer.

Deciding on Treatment

Each type of treatment for thyroid cancer has a different goal. Depending on the extent of your disease, you may need surgery, radioactive iodine therapy, hormone therapy, or a combination of these.

Managing Side Effects

Your treatment will kill cancer cells, but it will also affect healthy cells and tissues, causing side effects. Your doctor or cancer nurse can suggest ways to help prevent or manage these side effects.

Advanced Reading

Learn more about thyroid cancer from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Physician Data Query (PDQ®) for patients. It includes information about prevention, screening, and treatment.




 

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