Prostate cancer starts in the prostate gland. More than 90 percent of all prostate cancers are discovered while they are either in or still near the prostate.
Most prostate cancer occurs in men who are 65 or older. Other risk factors for this cancer include a diet high in fat and obesity.
If your doctor suspects prostate cancer, he will give you a digital rectal exam, and blood and urine tests to rule out other problems. A biopsy is the only way to tell for sure that you have prostate cancer.
Not all men require treatment for their prostate cancer. If you do, a number of treatments are available, including surgery, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy. You and your doctor will want to consider both the benefits and possible side effects of each option.
The side effects you experience depend on your treatment, and that depends if the cancer has spread from the prostate gland. Your doctor will work to ease any side effects that occur.
Early prostate cancer may not present any symptoms and can only be found with regular prostate examinations by your doctor. That's why it is important to get routine medical checkups.
Learn more about prostate cancer from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Physician Data Query (PDQ®) for patients. It includes information about prevention, screening, and treatment.