The larynx is often referred to as the voice box. The cartilage in front of the larynx is sometimes called the "Adam's apple." Laryngeal cancer is cancer that occurs in either of these parts, or in the vocal cords.
Laryngeal cancer is more common in older adults, particularly men, and in those who use tobacco or abuse alcohol.
Symptoms of laryngeal cancer include a lingering sore throat or cough, a lump in the throat, and hoarseness. These may be symptoms of other conditions, however, so your doctor will order tests to help with the diagnosis.
Your treatment plan depends on your age and health and the extent of the disease. You may need surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, or a combination of these.
Side effects during cancer treatment vary from person to person. They may be mild or severe enough to interfere with daily activities. Your doctor or cancer nurse can suggest ways to ease any side effects you experience.
Learn more about laryngeal cancer from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Physician Data Query (PDQ®) for patients. It includes information about prevention, screening, and treatment.