Bladder cancer affects men four times more often than women, and the risk for this cancer also increases with age.
Bladder cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow in the bladder. Smoking is the biggest risk factor for bladder cancer—people who smoke are twice as likely to get bladder cancer as nonsmokers.
Your health care team will include a doctor who specializes in cancer, called a medical oncologist, and an oncology nurse. Depending on your cancer and the types of treatments you need, you may also see a bladder specialist, called an urologist.
People with bladder cancer now have more treatment choices and more hope for survival than ever before. Doctors keep finding ways to help people with bladder cancer have better lives.
Side effects of treatment for bladder cancer depend on the specific treatment given and can vary from patient to patient. Your cancer specialist will work with you to keep any side effects at a minimum.
Learn more about bladder cancer from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Physician Data Query (PDQ®) for patients. It includes information about prevention, screening, and treatment.