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Types of Cancer

Bladder |  Breast Cervical | Colorectal | Hodgkin's Disease | Leukemia | Lung | Lymphoma | Melanoma | Skin cancer, non-melanoma | Oral and Oropharyngeal Cancer | Prostate | Stomach | Testicular | Thyroid

We treat all types of cancer. The following are the most common. Please call the Van Elslander Cancer Center at 1-866-246-HOPE (4673) for more information.


Bladder cancer occurs in three main types: squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and urothelial carcinoma, which accounts for 90% of bladder cancers.


Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that has developed from cells of the breast. The disease occurs mostly in women (in fact, it is the most common cancer among women, excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers). Men can also develop breast cancer in rare instances. For more information, see our section on Van Elslander Cancer Center's breast cancer treatment options or our breast cancer information section.


Cervical cancer begins in the lining of the cervix (the lower part of the uterus). Cancer of the cervix develops slowly, usually over a period of years, as cells begin to change to pre-cancerous and then to cancerous cells. For more information, see Van Elslander Cancer Center’s cervical cancer information section.


Colon and rectal cancer develop in the digestive system. Most colorectal cancers begin as a polyp (a tissue growth into the center of the colon or rectum), which can slowly change into cancer over a period of years. For more information, see our section on Van Elslander Cancer Center's colorectal cancer treatment options or our colorectal cancer information section.

Hodgkin's Disease

Hodgkin's disease is a type of cancer also known as Hodgkin's lymphoma. It begins in lymphatic tissue, which includes lymph nodes and other organs that form blood and protect against germs. For more information, see our Van Elslander Cancer Center's Hodgkins Disease information section.


Rather than forming a tumor, Leukemia cancer cells involve the blood and blood-forming organs (bone marrow, lymphatic system, and spleen), and circulate through other tissues where they can accumulate. For more information, see our section on Van Elslander Cancer Center’s leukemia section.


Lung cancers usually develop slowly and undetected over many years. Early pre-cancerous changes in the lung do not form tumors, cannot be seen on x-rays and do not cause symptoms. If the changes progress to cancer, malignant cells grow and form a tumor. Cells can break away from the tumor and spread to other parts of the body before being detected by x-rays, which is why lung cancer is a so life-threatening. For more information, see our section on Van Elslander Cancer Center’s lung cancer treatment options or our lung cancer information section.


Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma starts in the lymphoid tissue. It is the third most common childhood malignancy. For more information, see our section on Van Elslander Cancer Center’s lymphoma information section.


Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that begins in the melanocytes (cells that produce melanin, the skin pigment). Melanoma tumors are often dark in color. Melanoma is rarer than the other types of skin cancer (basal cell and squamous cell), but it is much more serious. For more information, see our section on Van Elslander Cancer Center’s melanoma information section.

Skin cancer, non-melanoma

Non-melanoma skin cancers develop from skin cells other than melanocytes and are the most common skin cancers. They include basal cell and squamous cell cancers.

Oral and Oropharyngeal Cancer

Oral cancer is cancer that develops in the mouth, or oral cavity (including lips, inside lining of the lips and cheeks, teeth, gums, the front two-thirds of the tongue and the floor and roof of the mouth). Oropharyngeal cancer starts in the part of the throat just behind the mouth.


Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men, excluding skin cancers. The prostate is a gland at the outlet of the bladder. It is found only in males, and its gland cells produce seminal fluid that protects and nourishes sperm cells. Over 99% of prostate cancers develop from the glandular cells, and most prostate cancers grow very slowly. For more information, see our section on Van Elslander Cancer Center’s prostate cancer treatment options or our prostate cancer information section.


90% to 95% of the malignant tumors of the stomach are adenocarcinomas. This cancer develops from the cells that form the inner lining of the stomach called the epithelium.


Testicular cancer develops in one or both testicles in men or boys. It is a highly treatable and most often curable form of cancer. For more information, see Van Elslander Cancer Center’s testicular cancer information section.


The thyroid gland, found in the neck under the Adam's apple, contains mainly two types of cells: Thyroid follicle cells and C-cells. Different cancers can develop from each kind of cell.



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